Dr Montessori believed that movements have great importance in mental development, provided that the action which occurs is connected with the mental activity going on. For example, grasping a mobile or a rattle as an infant or crawling forward to pick up a toy. In a Montessori classroom there are a lot of movements. Children […]


The concept of freedom according to Dr. Montessori is a freedom within limits. Child is allowed to do things so long as he is respectful of other people and the materials around in the house. During the period between conception and four years the child develops 50 to 60% of his intelligence and another 30% […]


Independence is another important factor in Montessori philosophy. “Before birth it was the mother who functioned for the child. After birth the child functions for himself as far as breathing and digestion are concerned.  By acquiring this independence, he begins to work. At first the child finds nourishment from the mother but a day comes […]

Human tendencies

Human Tendencies are something which we all possess from as early as Stone Age.  For example, human beings are found with some of the tendencies, like, to explore, to create order, to communicate, to socialize etc. These tendencies are important to each one of us, as it helps us to adapt and survive under different […]

Sensitive period

Dr. Montessori also believed that children go through stages of intellectual interest and curiosity- which she called “Sensitive Periods” –of intense fascination for learning a particular skill or concept. During a sensitive period children can learn new things, master new skills almost effortlessly.  For example, the sensitive period for music is between 2 and 6 […]

The Absorbent mind

Dr. Montessori referred the mind of a child between 0-6 yrs of age as the Absorbent mind. During this time he/she absorbs everything from his environment through all his senses. For example, his mother -tongue. A new born baby hears various sounds all around, but can distinguish speech from other sounds and tries to articulate […]