Dr Montessori believed that movements have great importance in mental development, provided that the action which occurs is connected with the mental activity going on. For example, grasping a mobile or a rattle as an infant or crawling forward to pick up a toy. In a Montessori classroom there are a lot of movements. Children are moving with a purpose, to bring some material or putting it back. They work with their fingers all the time, either pouring or tracing or tying the shoe laces.

Purposeful movements mean the body is aligned with the thoughts. It is the thought that governs action. Dr Montessori says that cognition develops from manual movements. She saw a deep relationship between movements and cognition and hence advised that, right from birth, children should be encouraged to move their bodies purposefully. Current research also indicates a close interrelationship of body movements with development, thinking and ultimately learning.

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